Agropolitan versus Urban Driving Forces of Yogyakarta City

Abstract
The objective of this overview was to discuss the impact of the “Agropolitan Program”, especially in reducing the urbanization processes of Yogyakarta city. Agropolitan – an Indonesian Government Program (Agro = agriculture : Politan = city) – is an agricultural city that is supposed to be able to foster agribusiness, so that it can serve, push, and pull agriculture development in its surrounding areas. Thus, agropolitan areas consist of an agricultural city and its surrounding villages as centers of agricultural production. The boundary is not based on government administration, rather, it is based on an economic scale of any agricultural commodity. In other words, agropolitan areas are agribusiness areas that are equipped with city-like facilities. If this concept works, it will be able to reduce urbanization processes of Yogyakarta city. However, the prospect of agropolitan areas in reducing the urbanization processes of Yogyakarta city is still long way to go as a lot of weaknesses in the implementation processes must still be resolved. Banjararum village, Kalibawang sub district of Kulonprogo district would be the case areas. This paper also takes cocoa agribusiness as a study case. Preliminary studies indicated that the factor that needs to be addressed more seriously is stakeholder participation, especially farmers participation during the program planning through implementation and evaluation of the agropolitan development.