The Development of the Yogyakarta City and It's Determinant (1870 to 2006)

This paper concerns urban structure, and the design of the physical layout of cities based upon the structure of transport networks. The evolution of transport and urban form is examined, and the case is made for the significance of urban structure which is strongly related to the access structure of a settlement. This study utilizes a combination of multidisciplinary approaches to the study of the physical development of an urban form in order to explores how traditional structures evolved, and how the probabilistic evolution of abstract structure shapes the cities we see on the ground.. For the purposes of this study, economic indicators, demographic analysis, government correspondences, individual accounts such as traveler’s writings, photographic, and cartographic representations, as well as modern scholastic interpretation serves as the matrix from which all inferences concerning the development of Yogyakarta City from 1970 to 2006 are drawn.

This study explores how transport provision can be used towards the design of urban structure and hence the physical layout and design of urban areas. Historical and contemporary relationships between transport and urban structure are reviewed. Accordingly the thesis examines the issues of hierarchy and structure, drawing distinctions between composition (absolute layout), configuration (topology) and constitution (hierarchical relationships between route types). From consideration of elemental properties of urban structure, some explicit typologies of network type and route type are developed.

A series of transportation networks is analysed (1970-1006), and graphical constructs devised which can identify those structures and route types. The route structure analysis also allows exploration and explanation of patterns characteristic of traditional street networks, suggesting a theoretical basis for the evolution of typical forms. Relationships between programs of structural formation and resultant patterns are suggested.

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