Improvement of Water Infrastructure and Basic Services in Urban Poor Community in Phnom Penh, Cambodia

The fast growth of towns and cities, particularly in the developing countries, pressurizes the existing infrastructural capacity to meet the demands of a large number of people. The lack of adequate shelter, basic services, namely water and sanitation to sustain decent community livelihood is a major and critical issue that can be seen in most cities of the developing countries. In response to this matter, debate, policy, programme, and several approaches have been launched by national and international organizations. Despite of these attempts, it will not be effective without integrating the grassroot community organization/community based organization in the development process.

This study is, about poverty as access deficits, conducted in an urban poor community, located in the city centre of Phnom Penh. With attempt of community organization and support from Community Based Organizations and Non-Governmental Organizations, the affected urban poorcommunity was able to get water connection. For this achievement, the community organization played a key role in identifying the main problem, mobilizing resources and actively participating in the development project. This bottom-up approach, with collective action in a professional manner forced government to change its attitude and offer water connection to the community. The affected community had not only obtained physical coverage in term of water connection but the impact this development project created further exchanges, reciprocal learning by sharing responsibility and mutual understanding between various actors. Further it contributed to build social capital among the community neighborhood that is crucial for poverty reduction issue.        

Kosal NEW Abstract SSG09.doc26 KB
Kosal_Water Infrastructure - poor community.pdf911.98 KB