A public space serves an important role as one of the city's elements, serving the social interaction function for the people, for their economic activities, as a place for culture appreciation, as well as for improving the quality of city layout. A public space belongs to the public, or the people. Unfortunately, many public spaces are being replaced by building functions, for example, by the activities of vendors who occupy the sidewalk or curb, leading to the pedestrians not being able to walk comfortably. On the other hand, a public space is not considered as a good investment for investors, although it can improve the quality of city layout and the selling value for the buildings in its surrounding which have been or will be built, albeit indirectly. The reason behind this is that most local governments in Indonesia have not paid attention to public spaces. Instead, the city's development is more focused on physical construction in the form of public facility buildings.
A public space may serve as a location of many important social events: mass celebration, demonstration, and gathering for speaking out. A public space which is a part of politic life, also serves as a site for relaxing and recreation. Of the various understanding and perceptions of public space, there has not been categorization based on meaning, function, significance, location, time, process and availability of public space in Yogyakarta.
There is a question whether the city can accommodate the people's aspiration when there is no adequate public space. The availability of service facilities are stimulating and challenging for the intellectuals, the people's participation in the city's development, as well as the availability of vacancy.
Based on the background the research is aimed to identifying the availability of public space in Yogyakarta Municipality. Methods used in this research are document study, analysis of secondary data, ad qualitative study. Document study and analysis of secondary data are used for identifying the availability of public space in Yogyakarta City. Meanwhile, qualitative study is focused on discovering the function and meaning of public space for the community. The data collection technique is in-depth interview, aiming at discovering in-depth information of the function and meaning of the existing public space and of the community's' aspiration on the availability of open space in the future.