Institutional and Flood Management in Battambang City, Cambodia

Institutional and Flood Management in Battambang City, Cambodia

Mr. Som Sangvasak

Since Battambang is an extremely flat urban area, the city has experienced flood episodes almost every year, which has been caused by natural overflow from the river and the heavy rainfalls.
However, there have been no cases of severe adverse impacts on the existing infrastructure and the city as a whole. The concern is that the urban population growth puts pressure on existing infrastructure system and due to insufficient drainage systems, and the blockage of the existing canals due to illegal dumping, results in water logging in most parts of the city and constant flooding during the rainy season.
The rapid unplanned and profit-oriented development, and poor or lack of law enforcement and development controls, has led to the lack of technical infrastructure provision and the loss of natural runoffs and storage reservoirs. Also due to the lack of public budget and human resources, no plans or strategies have been developed at sub-national level together with unclear responsibilities and poor performance of concerned government agencies and administrative levels in dealing with the flood problem.
These have made the situation worse and it they continue to be left unresolved will cause a serious environmental degradation and health hazard. It damages public infrastructures as well as private properties and businesses and leads to the loss of income and impoverishment.
My paper will be suggesting the institutional structure and their responsibilities and how people cope and deal with the flooding.

Mr. Sangvasak Som
Local Expert 
GIZ Cambodia