Participation of Civil Society on Decision Making and Planning Process: Case in Four Districts in the Coastal City of Manokwari

Manokwari is a coastal city and regency in the province of West Papua. Since 2003 it has been the capital of the province. The development of Manokwari has rapidly improved since the policy in Indonesia are emphasizing more on the Eastern Part of the country. The Indonesian government regulation no. 26 in 2008 had put Manokwari as a Center of Regional Activities (PKW= Pusat Kegiatan Wilayah), which is important for the Province of Papua Barat as industrial activities, exportand imports, services, transportation mode for assessing other area, and as a prime economic movers in the province. The population growth and migration has rapidly increased in Manokwari, which is, moreover located on the coastal area. It is at the same time sprawling across the coastal environment, destroying resources, and threatening the coastal waters with domestic and industrial waste.

Proper zoning, planning and waste management are required to protect the environment and promote sustainable development of the city. Four districts in Manokwari had been planned as the main districts of activities. The process of zoning and waste management involved the civil societies in these districts, including the local communities, the community leaders, head of the districts, ethnic group leaders, religion leaders, and land owners.  They sit together with other stakeholders from the government authorities and municipalities, also with the private sectors, and the legislatives to endorse the sustainable development with meeting their present needs. The FGD (Focus Group Discussion) on the zoning are mainly to reduce conflict of interest among the civilians and to get the utilization of the land towards their interest, which will be justified as public policies. The FGD also gain experiences on collecting the aspiration of the communities as a bottom up process for better zonification of land and improved waste management. 

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