Participatory tools for Social risk management: A Case study of Khon Kaen Municipality
Prof. Dr. Sekson Yongvanit
Khon Kaen province is located in Northeast Thailand, the poorest region of the country. In 1967, the government had a policy to expand education in the region and to increase human resource abilities by the establishment of Khon Kaen University. It was intended that Khon Kaen province would become the center of Northeastern Thailand. In 1977, Khon Kaen was one of 36 major Thai cities that were identified as central towns for new urban planning and development. Roads, electricity and piped water were developed within the city infrastructure network. Utilities and public services such as health care, nursing schools, hospitals, technical colleges, a new airport, regional government center, television and radio broadcasting stations were established. In 1992 the Asian Development Bank (ADB) initiated core strategies for cooperation between countries. A cross-border transport network should be supported in order to give access to the high economic-potential cities of the region such as Bangkok, Rangoon, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City and Kunming. Khon Kaen city (KKC) is established as a center for economic development and an inland container depot (ICD) is proposed along with a truck-stop area and container factory. Moreover KKC has become the information center for trade and one-stop service investment.
Khon Kaen city (KKC) is located at the center of northeast Thailand and is one of the country's fastest growing cities. Its current population is 128,687 in a Municipality of 73 communities. The built-up area of KK City has spilled into neighboring districts and municipalities, fueling environmental impact concerns. Heavy traffic caused by commuters crossing the city during rush hour periods is now becoming a problem. New suburban areas, especially beyond KK municipality, have no plan or policy dealing with future land use. There is an expectation that the city may soon suffer from flooding during the rainy season due to the natural drainage system being largely destroyed by unplanned development and road construction. Regarding Social security including education, health care, food safety, the welfare of mothers and children, senior citizens and the handicapped, Khon Kaen municipality has joined 73 communities to set up social group centers for Youth and Family, handicapped and senior citizen health and care, Food for the poor, Primary health, Clean Food Good Taste Certificate and Public educational centers to strengthen youth group ability.
Prof. Dr. Sekson Yongvanit
Faculty of Humanities and Sciences
Khon Kaen University