The Process and Driving Forces of Regional Transformation in the Yogyakarta - Solo Corridor, Indonesia

Rural areas along the corridors have experienced a spatial transformation. According to McGee (1991), this phenomenon is called “kotadesasi”, a regional structural shift from agricultural to non-agricultural areas. The process not only refers to spatial dimensions of changes but also to socio-economic and cultural ones.
This research aims at understanding the process of regional transformation and analyzing the driving forces of regional transformation. This research employs primary data for analyzing the process of regional transformation and secondary data to understand the driving forces of regional transformation. Primary data are processed and analyzed by using qualitative descriptive methods. Secondary data processing employs the SPSS program which uses regression technique.
This research finds that regional transformation processes are a collection of long historical events. These events are linked one to the other thus producing the changes from rural characteristics to urban characteristics.
From the above analysis, it can be concluded that population density, population growth, percentage of non-farmers, percentage of built up area, and availability of social economic facilities are variables which influence regional transformation. Population density is the variable with the highest impact on regional transformation.

Key words : regional transformation, corridor, driving forces, process, accessibility

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