The Quality of Life of Migrants and Non-Migrants as a Potential of Social Conflicts

Abstract
Urbanization as one model of migration has a clear economic dimension to it, in which migrants often are economic performers. By stimulating the local economy they are able to generate and increase their income. But on the other side some social problems will appear when local economic performers are challenged by migrant economic performers.
Commonly the local economic performers are the victims and end up under the control of migrants who have a higher motivation and enthusiasm than the non migrants. The taking over process of traditional sectors, which used to be controlled from the beginning by the local people in one community has been proceeding at the micro scale. As this process becomes more massive and more excessive, the local society becomes the workforce on their own land, the people become buyers in their own markets.

In this competitive economic atmosphere the economic gap between the two communities is perceived as injustice by those who are left behind. This economic gap is believed to be the cause of the spread of social jealousy between local people and the migrant population, which can be considered as a time bomb, that can burst to a conflict at any time. The potential of conflict is also caused by the cultural impact between local people and the outsiders, who have been trying to keep their own culture. Related to these facts, the following research questions emerge:

- How does the prosperity of the area develop in its social, economic and cultural aspects? – How is the relation between migrants and non-migrants? – Is there any difference in the quality of life between migrants and non-migrants? – If so, how does the difference in life quality between migrants and non-migrants influence their relation in terms of conflict potential? – What effort could be done to minimize the social conflict between migrants and non-migrants?

The research was conducted in the Yogyakarta province with randomly selected migrant and non-migrant informants, who live in urban or suburban areas or who have assets there. Data will be collected using questionnaires and in-depth interviews.

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