Proponents of heritage conservation emphasize its cultural, aesthetic, educational, environmental, social and historical benefits. However, many still regard urban conservation as an obstacle for economic growths - the development of economic benefits such as jobs, household income, and business profits, are more important. This view is particularly strong in developing countries, where economic growth has priority over heritage values.
Some are optimistic that along with conservation, the economy will also grow due to the increase in heritage tourism that in the end bringjobs and businesses. This, however, may lead to the traditional residences and businesses being sold and converted to boutique hotels, souvenir shops, trendy pubs and restaurants, catering to the tourist trade as well as the displacing of local residents who will hence not be able to participate in and benefit from this development, while the old trades, communities, traditions and life styles may be destroyed by this gentrification process.
This presentation will spell out in more detail these issues and challenges as well as the efforts and measures that have been taken by the local authority and the state government of Penang towards the sustainable heritage conservation of George Town, showing how successful they are.
Mr. Tan Thean Siew
Consultant, Town Planning and Real Estate Management, Penang
|Tan_The Sustainability of Urban Heritage Conservation.pdf||8.24 MB|