Recently, regional cities in the north and northeast regions of Thailand such as Chiang Mai, Khon Kaen, and Ubon Ratchathani, have developed rapidly. The decentralization process has encouraged the public to consciously participate in development at all levels. The uses of urban public space is one realm of conflicts in many regional cities. Local governments, especially municipalities in these cities can no longer perform their tasks without seeking public opinion. The process of public participation has become part of good governance efforts to promote livable city and public spaces.
A successful lawsuit in Ubon Ratchathani and developing awareness of local residents in Nimmanhaemin District, Chiang Mai, have been just first steps towards the search for decent governance of the city. The study of Bueng Kaen Nakhon in Khon Kaen is an example of how the municipality of Khon Kaen can cope with the management of this public space and how it is utilized. In addition, an overview of public space uses has provided a broad picture of how people and communities in Thailand can manage and use their urban public spaces.