Tourism Development & Alteration of Land Utilization

Abstract
Tourism development in urban area has proved in generating income and employment, can be an important technique for helping support urban facilities and services. In other hand, planning for tourism development in towns and cities typically presents special problems, such as competing demands for development of certain prime sites for hotels, offices, retail or residential uses, traffic congestion in central areas, which may be exacerbated by tourism development, and over-use of primary tourist attractions and perhaps their degradation by intensive use. Tourism Development in Yogyakarta City has changed the face of the city, for example in Malioboro, Kampong Sosrowijayan, and Kampong Prawirotaman. Malioboro was an administration center of this city, and then followed by trading centre then now is known as tourism area. Because of its location, which is near by Malioboro, Sosrowijayan has followed it up by providing tourist accommodation; automatically this area has developed as tourism area. Kampong Prawirotaman, in the last ten, years has served the tourism accommodation supplies. About 78 % of its buildings, mostly clustered along the street, have double function, as homes and commercial function, such as restaurants, moneychanger, handy craft shops, etc. Economic motivation in term of tourism development changes the utilization patterns. Tourism as urban driving force in Yogyakarta City is very important sector. To prevent from environmental and social degradation, caused by tourism activities, sustainable tourism is the answer.

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