Urban Coherence for the Recovery of the Post Disaster Area: Lesson Learned from Aceh and Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Abstract
Since several disasters happened in Indonesia, there are severe destructions in terms of physical, social, economic, and environmental aspects. After the Tsunami and earthquake in Aceh on December 26, 2004, that had killed 150 thousand people and caused severe damage to infrastructure, and the earthquake on May 27, 2006 in Yogyakarta Province, that had caused severe damage to most of the infrastructure and killed 5 thousand people in the Southern part of the province, some efforts and post disaster programs from the government tried to encourage and recover the area affected by the disaster. These programs seem to be well implemented, but mostly are not aware of the area in the range of disaster. Some programs only focus on the rehabilitation of the infrastructure and the need of the victims, neglecting the environment and the better planning for hazard mitigation.
Several actors in different levels including government, NGOs, private sector, and communities are involved directly and indirectly in the recovery of the post disaster area. The risks of the new build up area are still high and might be causing severe impact of damage in the future. To introduce better planning, the community and the government should act and strengthen public policy for better control. This would include increased policy coherence built around measures to secure policy integration via close coordination between policies in different domains, better cooperation between different levels of administration, as well as policy definition according to the principles of sustainable development. The lesson learned will be the case of the post disaster in Aceh and Yogyakarta. This paper evaluated a) the policies and the regulations program of the recovery process, b) the community need for rehabilitations, c) the integration and elaboration of the action plan related to the new regulation on spatial planning and hazard mitigation, and d) the good governance of the recovery process in both affected areas. The results show that: a) the regulation and policy are not accommodating the action plan, b) most of the community needs are not integrated in the rehabilitation of the build up area, and c) there is lack of coordination among the governments and less coordination with other stakeholders such as the NGOs and the community. The recommendation should encourage the community and other stakeholders to seek coordination, cooperation, and consultation for sustainable and integrated model development of a better disaster management.

Mr. Raditya Jati
Guest Lecturer at Gadjah Mada University/ Regional Planning
Faculty of Geography, Bulak Sumur, 55281 Yogyakarta
Tel.: +62 (0) 274 902340, Fax: +62 (0) 274 589595, e-mail: radityaj@yahoo.de
Yayasan Bintang, Yogyakarta, NGO for Environmental Protection and Management

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