Urban Food Insecurity Risk Management in Yogyakarta
There has been constant need for the government of Indonesia to improve geographical target of more vulnerable areas for food and nutrition security related intervention. Study indicated that factors affecting food insecurity in Yogyakarta included economic (income), socio-culture and ecology. With recent disasters occurred in Yogyakarta Province such as earth quake and volcano eruption, social and natural risk management need to be implemented comprehensively in order to protect households from food insecurity and vulnerability. Attempts to reduce food insecurity has been done by the government including: acceleration of food diversification to prevent the dependency to certain staple food and crop, facilitate and encourage nutritious, safe and balance food consumption, encourage the availability of fresh and processed food, strengthening the local government participation on development and implementation of food diversification based on local commodity. Implementation of these programs was done through socialization, promotion, advocacy to community, business, and government officers as well as education and training to women and youth formal and informally. Development of local food industry was also done to generate income. Other approaches include community empowerment, partnership with industry and academia. Although several programs have been launched by government to reduce food insecurity, conceptually social protection is shifting toward social risk management to reduce the economic vulnerability of households with appropriate instrument. In term of food insecurity and vulnerability source and characteristics of risks, prevention, mitigation and coping strategies need to be addressed in equitable and efficient manner.
Keywords: Food insecurity, urban, social risk management, Yogyakarta
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Eni Harmayani
Faculty of Agricultural Technology
Center for Food and Nutrition Studies
Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, INDONESIA