Urban Heritage

Urban Heritage

A geography of heritage: power, culture and economy
Graham, B. , Ashworth, G.J. u. J. E. Turnbridge (2000)

The central aim of this book is to trace and explain the relationships between heritage and geography. The first is an idea that is being increasingly loaded with so many different connotations as to be in danger of losing all meaning;the second is a discipline, which, while noted for its wide-ranging and eclec- tic interests and absence of agreed content, maintains some form of common focus around its interest in space and place.Our first task in a book which contains both terms so prominently in the title, is to state what we mean and thus to establish some delimitation of the phenomenon and of our particular approach to it.

Revitalization of historic inner-city areas in Asia: the potential for urban renewal in Ha Noi, Jakarta, and Manila
Steinberg, F. (2008)
While cities in Asia and the Pacific have been concentrating on their conventional infrastructure requirements, many cities are still discovering how to deal with the challenge of urban renewal in a broader sense. Many cities in the region do own old or historic inner-city areas of considerable historic and cultural value. These city centers are not only valuable old assets but opportunities for revitalization of local economic development and national cultural identity. The cases of Ha Noi, Jakarta, and Manila, presented in this publication on Revitalization of Historic Inner-City Areas in Asia, demonstrate that inner-city areas and urban heritage assets can become important opportunities for public and private investments with a good potential for bankable and profitable public–private partnership projects. Urbanizing Asia in the 21st century requires a fresh look at urban renewal and historic inner cities.

Conservation and Rehabilitation of Urban Heritage in Developing Countries.
Steinberg, F. (1996)

This paper addresses rehabilitation and conservation of old inner-city areas and historic monuments in the cities of the developing world which have so far received very little attention in urban development policy. The need for urban rehabilitation and adaptive re-use is discussed with reference to a number of cases, i.e. Cairo, Tunis, Sana'a, Aleppo, Delhi, Bombay, Bhaktapur, Galle, Penang, Singapore, Shanghai, Beijing, Quito, Cartagena, Rio de Janeiro and Havana. A delineation of the concept is provided, and some key aspects of rehabilitation are discussed. The paper concludes with considerations on the need for area rehabilitation and revitalisation approaches which maintain the typical urban tissue and essential qualities of the historic areas and of the life of the communities residing there, but which can also adapt the physical structures and activities to some of the present day requirements...

Interpreting Urban Heritage
Goodey, B. (2006)

Since the mid-nineteenth century much of the UK has looked to its market towns and cities for the vitality and context that sustain life. Within the next hundred years, people moved from describing their geographical position as a village or rural location, to the proximity to town or city. Gradually the urban agglomeration drew them in - factories, shop jobs and administration providing a ticket to suburban residence within one or two generations...

Planning for Urban Heritage Places: Reconciling Conservation, Tourism and Sustainable Development
Nasser, N. (2003)

A conflict between the preservation of the character of existing historic towns and "change" has formed the central argument for conservation. More recently, heritage has superseded conservation, where marketing of heritage as a product according to the demands of the consumer, mainly tourists, has resulted in the commercialisation of heritage over conservation values. Today, the symbiosis of both tourism and heritage places has become a major objective in the management and planning of historic areas. This article examines the current conflicts among the ideas of conservation, heritage, and tourism and argues for a sustainable approach to the management and planning of heritage places based on a community and culture-led agenda.

Conservation and development is not a contradiction
DED Cambodia (2010)
In the early evening 500 people are sitting on chairs in front of the central market in Battambang. To their right and left free to pick up calendars and posters are displayed which inform about historic buildings and heritage conservation in Battambang.
They were created by the Battambang Master Plan Team supported by Walter Koditek and Alexander Bunzel from DED. The main task of the team is to preserve historic buildings for future generations and improve the living condition for the local population at the same time. The task is only one in the frame of participatory urban planning on local level, which is pursued as a component of the national Decentralization and Deconcentration Policy in the pilot city Battambang...

Innovative Strategies for Urban Heritage Conservation, Sustainable Development, and Renewable Energy
Girard, L. (2006)

Heritage conservation should be an important part of a more general urban economic development strategy of city, as well as a spatial development strategy.  At the same time, it must also be part of an energy conservation and renewable resources utilization strategy.  For example, "solar city strategies" can promote closer integration of the economic and ecological systems, such that urban environmental economics can be implemented to foster sustainable prosperity and quality of life.  A strategy based on renewable energy can positively affect the physical structure of a city, both its form and its building architecture.  Strategies for conserving the built environment are designed to preserve and enhance cultural, historic, and artistic values, and more importantly, to provide a set of economic and social benefits and contribute to improving the quality and sustainability of the urban ecology.  Urban planning and spatial development policy can be both economic and ecological if the overall systems are balanced, starting with energy production and consumption.  Conservation of urban heritage can be genuinely sustainable to the extent that it revitalizes communities by creating a dynamic, growth-oriented mix of new functions that regenerate economic and social life, while at the same time reducing energy consumption and increasing the use of renewable resources.

Heritage: Identification, Conservation, and Management.
Aplin, G. (2002)

The concept of "heritage" covers the elements of the world that we feel are worth preserving for future generations. This book examines the wide variety of immovable or place-based heritage sites that make up a cultural and national heritage, from historic areas and buildings to the wilderness. Australian perceptions and approaches are discussed and compared to those in the US, New Zealand, and several western European countries.

Contested urban heritage. Voices from the periphery.
Shaw, B. J.(1997)

This work seeks to explore recent manifestations of urban heritage contestation within the broad area of Indian Ocean region countries (or the periphery). The legacies of colonization are juxtaposed with research detailing the struggles of indigenous people set within the ambit of globalization and the increasing irrelevances of time/space differences. In this book the specifics of "place" (as opposed to "space") are explained and placed within the context of growing heritage commercialization reflecting the imperatives of tourism and other development issues.

Valuing Heritage in Macau: On Contexts and Processes of Urban Conservation.
Chung, T. (2009)

This paper examines the evolving values of urban heritage in Macau in terms of the various conservation approaches and mechanisms employed, and the shifting emphases on heritage and development within the context of continuity and change in Macau. Accumulated over four centuries of cultural interchange, the richly layered Historic Centre of the former Portuguese-administered outpost attained World Heritage status in 2005. After situating the problem pertaining to the multifaceted nature of heritage valorisation, the city's trajectory of urban conservation leading up to the 1999 retrocession will be traced, and germane issues concerning heritage management vis-à-vis effects of post-handover urban developments assessed. As the latest culmination of value imbalances and conflicts arising from urban change, the Guia Lighthouse controversy will be critically appraised to speculate on a timely re-evaluation of Macau's heritage conservation process.

Landscapes in the Living Memory: New Year Festivities at Angkor.
Winter, T. (2007)

In recent years, a proliferation of studies dedicated to the understanding of national identities through the ‘memories' held within symbolic landscapes have emerged (Yalouri, 2001; Boswell and Evans, 1999). This chapter uses and develops the ideas in the context of an annual four-day festival held at the World Heritage Site of Angkor, Cambodia. The legacy of Cambodia's glorious past, the templed landscape of Angkor, is revered by Khmers as a deeply symbolic icon of national, ethnic and cultural unity, all values which have been brought into sharp focus by the suffering and turmoil endured across the country in recent years.


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